LEONARDO DA VINCI Leonardo da Vinci was born 15 April, 1452 at Anchiano near Vinci in Italy, died 2 May 1519 at Clos Lucé in France. Italian Renaissance painter, architect, philosopher, musician, writer, explorer, mathematician, engineer, anatomist, inventor, geologist. He was the illegitimate son of a notary ser Piero da Vinci and the peasant woman Caterina. Leonardo has often been described as the archetype "Renaissance man. ". Widely considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and probably the most multi-talented person in history. It was Leonardo painting talent conferred the greatest popularity. Two of his works, the “ Mona Lisa” and “The Last Supper”, occupy the top positions on the lists of the most famous portraits and paintings. Also of great importance in the history of art is Leonardo's “Vitruvian Man” sketch. In Poland is also known for the work of” Lady with an Ermine”, on the grounds that it is the only job of the artist, which is in Polish collections. Survived to the present time probably 15 of his paintings. As an engineer, Leonardo made the projects ahead of its time developing the concept of a helicopter, tank, use the grounds of plate tectonics, the double hull of the boat and many other innovations. The relatively small number of his ideas have been enacted during his reign. Some of his lesser ideas, such as automatic winder spools for the machine to check the tensile strength of wire, entered the world of technology without much fanfare. Leonardo's interest in the anatomy of the human body associated with the study of painting. He sought to direct representation of human movement. In 1489, planned to write a treaty...